What I know, I know already. Fuite des cerveaux, retours et diasporas. Do these engineers exhibit circulatory practices or specific mobility profiles? Some of them progressively share the values, sometimes up to a point where they wish to become a citizen of the country in question: Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Poitiers, France. Language Learning and Study Abroad.
Since , I have returned five times, and I will return again in November. This is a question of their identification with different lands and cultures, and thus representations of space and mobility. These engineers for whom all doors seem to be open if they wish, even settled elsewhere, with a family, house and job, for whom the return home is always possible, convey an approach to mobility not based on constraint but on personal aspiration and not definitive but continual adaptation. The impression of distancing gives way gradually to multiple presence mainly thanks to new information and communication technologies. Fuite des cerveaux, retours et diasporas. Despite the diversification of migratory destinations, the people concerned maintain solid ties with their country of origin and weave transnational links with them, and so doing, manage the question of multiple belongings. Thus, they become transmigrants, touring perpetually between home and home Tarrius, ; ; ;
This migratory rationale is demonstrated by frequent toing and froing between the country of settlement and the native country, on the part of the Maghrebian engineers who hold transcultural values Roulleau-Berger, and who have a multi-identity.
Whereas the unskilled male work force of Maghrebian origin has been studied since the first half of the twentieth century Ray, ; Sayad, ; Atouf,the less numerous studies of the highly qualified and skilled migrants date from the beginning of the twenty-firstcentury. Questions are raised as to their identification with different lands and cultures and thus representations of space and mobility.
According to échagnes French Ministry for National Education, Higher Education and Research, inFrance received international students of whom the Moroccans were the most numerous 33 ,followed by Chinese Students 30Algerians 21 and Tunisians 11 I would have liked them to have associated me with this type of action.
What strategies do they develop to manage possible multiple belongings? The second part presents an up-date on the experience of circulating within the spaces observed through the framework of the enquiry. xissertation
Skip to main content. Language Learning and Study Abroad. Their practices have brought to light the existence of a new migratory dynamic Ma Mung, ;Tarrius,between the countries north and south of the Mediterranean.
Thus embarking on an international study path leads to a migratory experience which sets off a reconfiguration of their way of life. The impression of distancing gives way gradually to multiple presence mainly thanks to new information and communication technologies. Faced with a sharp decline in the public sector and a lack of pulling power in the careers proposed within this burgeoning industry Gobe,the situation evolved in the following decade which enabled the internationalization of their careerpaths.
This is a question of their identification with different lands and cultures, and thus representations of space and mobility.
Un punto di riferimento
Despite the diversification of migratory destinations, the people concerned maintain solid ties with their country of origin and weave transnational links with them, and so doing, manage the question of multiple belongings. North Africa as a reserve of cheap labour for Europe.
To begin with, these young graduates returned to their native country to serve their State, which bestowed a familiar, temporary character upon such a distancing.
I tell myself that perhaps one day, I will create something there…. Mobiles, immobiles et ubiquistes. It also concerns those who returned home. These countries have developed suitable political and institutional arrangements to encourage st expatriates to return and contribute to industrial and economic growth via their professional ability and technological know-how. Another perception of borders and mobility From a circulatory rationale to an identity quest Thesettlement of highly skilled Maghrebians abroad in no way indicates that mmondialisation have cut their ties with their native society.
Whether they return to their native countries immediately upon graduation, after a first experience abroad or whether they chose to stay longer, or even permanently, the highly qualified and skilledMaghrebians manage to conciliate the multiple belongings within this transnational dynamic.
In reality, the returns or non- returns are explained by a range of variables which depend directly on the individuals themselves and on the weight they give them view of the 7 Mostly originating from towns, they master the French language and are endowed with intercultural awareness obtained in their native countries attendance of French schools and cultural centers, existence of French radio and television channels in the countries of the Maghreb.
By devising new paths and migratory strategies, they fall into a new circulatory dynamic which is among increasingly numerous intetnationalisation Circular cross-border dynamic, Highly skilled Maghrebians, Mobility. What relations should they maintain with their native and host societies? mnodialisation
UED Pescara – Università Europea del Design di Pescara
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques. It is the return on investment that Algeria granted us… it is really the least we can do for Algeria.
To begin with, engineers who had trained abroad returned to their country immediately upon graduation, to work on industrial development in national companies or diasertation different ministries. To show their attachment to their native countries, most of them demonstrate a rationale of spatial practicality,spanning their country of settlement and their country of origin.
Thanks to the Internet, social networks and digital platforms, highly qualified and skilledMaghrebians can communicate with their nearest and dearest and share their ideas.
Click here to sign up. In this transnational perspective, the development of new information and communication technologies plays a leading role, participating in the presence of these highly qualified and skilled migrants in different spaces within which they have evolved.
This phenomenon, which was widely stigmatized in the s, is less so today. Despite their return, they still use the media and ICTs to keep in échanes contact with their former country of immigration, which led some of them to say that they are tele-immigrants: In so doing, they must establish moncialisation position within the different contexts, according to their personal values, their aspirations etc.